DISTRICT INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION TRAINING PACHMARHI  (MADHYA PRADESH)

 
District  Profile                                          
 

DISTRICT PROFILE

 

INTRODUCTION TO DISTRICT

District Hoshangabad is situated at the heart of the Madhya Pradesh. The Holy River Narmada flows across the district from east to west and is called the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Many eminent personalities were born in Hoshangabad and became famous all over the country. City called Babai is the birthplace of famous poet Dada Makhan Lal Chaturvedi. In 1933, Mahatma Gandhi came to Babai and encouraged 12 freedom fighters to enlighten the torch of freedom movement. He was one of them. We are still seeking inspiration from these veterans.

The district Hoshangabad was renamed after Hoshangshah Ghouri-II, the King of Mandu in the beginning of 15th century AD. Early man during Stone Age lived around Hoshangabad, which is evident by its historical back ground shown by excavations made on the rivers of Narmada, Doodhi, Tawa, Denwa, Ganjal Palakmati etc. The remains of stone civilization in the forms of cave paintings may be traced out in the rock shelters of Adamgarh hills. Pandavas passed their expulsion period in the Hoshangabad district at Pachmarhi. King Banasur, a daemon had his capital at Sonitpur in the district Hoshangabad. Now it is known as Sohagpur. This area was under the Nands, Mauryas, Shakash, and Rashtrakutas of south, Khilji Sulatans, Gond Rajas, Mughal Empire and Appa Saheb in the past.

Economy of the district is almost dependent on the agriculture. There are agricultural based small scale industries are established like Soya Oil, Flour Mill, Poultry farming, Milk co-operative societies (Dairy), vegetables Farming etc.

GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES:

Text Box: Figure 1 Sethani Ghat, Hoshangabad
The district Hoshangabad is situated in central part of Madhya Pradesh, comprising of Narmada valley and Satpura ranges. It lies between 21.54 to 22.59 longitudes and 76.46 to 78.42 latitude at the height of 331 Meters from the sea level.  It is in the form of uneven belt and spread to the south side of Narmada valley. In the east of district Hoshangabad there are famous Satpura Hill with the highest peak of Madhya Pradesh called Dhoopgarh. It is almost a 4500 feet high from the sea level. There is a famous hill Station called Pachmarhi with different species of flora and fauna. Now whole Satpura Hills has been taken under Satpura National Reserved Park. District Hoshangabad has long spread of fertile agriculture land. Agriculture is the main source of Economy.

Boundaries:

Narmada makes northern boundary of the district Hoshangabad. Dudhi River makes the north eastern boundary of the district. District Raisen and Sehore are situated in the north. Whereas districts Hoshangabad, Harda and Chhindwara are situated in the south and south west.

Rivers:

          Hoshangabad is blessed with the rivers Narmada, Dudhi, Tawa, and Denwa Ganjal.

Important Tourist Places:

Pachmarhi is the only Hill station of Madhya Pradesh , which is Situated on Satpura Hills. Here more than 80 natural tourist spots, Satpura National Park. Other than these Anhoni, Awali Ghat, Bandrabhan, Bheelat Dev, Bori reserved forest, Sandia  Narmada Temples, Tilak Sandoor are few more important tourist centers in the district.

 

The Flora and Fauna of Hoshangabad:

Forest Products:

Among the forest area, 38% are teak forest, 36% mixed forest and 26% other type of wood forest. Teak Wood, Rose Wood, Goose Berry, Lendia, Achar, Kusum, Ringhha, Haldu, Tinsa, Palash, Beel, tendu, Jhiriya, Bamboo, Mahua ,Sarrai , etc. are main forest products of the district.

 

Reserved Forest:

Bineyaka, Ranipur, Denwa, Birjee Khapa, Bori, Churna, Suplai and Ranjhi are the reserve forests of the district. Satpura and Bori are the main reserve forest areas and Game Century.

Agriculture and Industries:

The holy river Narmada and its tributaries flow in the area and because of Tawa Dam command the land is very fertile. Wheat is produced in the one third of the district where as Jawar, Channa, Til, Cotton, Alsi, Tuwar are other important crops of the area.

 

Main Irrigational Projects:

River Tawa is the boon for this District almost one lakh acre land is irrigated with the Tawa Dam which is built on river Tawa. Because of Tawa Dam, Dokrikheda minor dam, major part of the District is irrigated through canal system. It flows almost 150 Km. east-west span of land area.

 

Main Industries:

This district has many important large/medium industries like security paper Mill, Central India Plywood Limited, Soyabeen plants at Pipriya, Seoni Malwa and Itarsi including a Dal Mill and a flour Mill at Pipariya. It has a Railway Sleeper Factory at Bankhedi and an Ordinance Factory at Itarsi. A small wheat flour mill is situtated  at Semri Harchand.

 

SOCIO - CULTURAL FEATURES:

          Population of the District according to census 2001 was 1085011. Hindu population is more than that of the Muslims. Some people worship the holy river Narmada, People even go for pilgimage of river Narmada. In Hoshangabad – Ramji Baba, in Seoni Malwa- Bheelat Baba and in Kesla – Bhagdeo are worshiped. Shivratri, Nagadwari, Bandrabhan, Ramji Baba, Bheelat Deo are the main religious fairs. Most of the people belong to the Hindu religion. There are a number of sub castes & tribes in the district viz. Gond, Raj Gond, Pardhan, Bhariya, Meena, Dhanuk, Kanwar, Bhoomiya, Kole, etc. These tribes are involved in collecting wood; forest produces and agricultural   produces.Gond enjoy the folk dance such as Dandaras, Karma, Reena, Sua and sela etc. Raghuwanshi, Purviya, Gurjar, Kurmi, Lodhi, Kirar, Meena and Mali are the main agriculture castes.

 

SOCIO - ECONOMIC FEATURES:

            The economy of the district is totally based on agriculture. Most of the part of this district is situated on the banks of holy river Narmada. The complete district is irrigated through canals by Tawa Dam & the crop yield is 131%. Soybean, Wheat, Pulses, Rice, Sugarcane are the major crops. Two sugar industries in Bankhedi & Pipariya blocks strengthen the economy & now the farmers are getting more by sowing sugarcane. In Seonimalwa, a soybean plant is functioning. In Hoshangabad, Central Proof Establishment, Ayudhnagar is a Govt. of India Enterprise. Security Paper Mill is the only press produces currency paper in india. Along with this Pachmarhi is the only tourist spot of the district. Hoshangabad is also a religious city, pilgrims from all over India come to take a dip in the holy Narmada.


 

DEMOGRAPHICS DATA

      DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

 

1. 

Name of the District

HOSHANGABAD

2.

Name of Division

HOSHANGABAD

3.

Name/ No. Of  Janpad Panchayat and Blocks.

07 (Bankhedi, Pipariya, Sohagpur, Babai, Hoshangabad,Kesla, Seoni Malwa..)

4

Name/ No. of  Nagar Panchayat.

06 (Itarsi, Pipariya, Sohagpur, Babai, Hoshangabad, Seoni Malwa..)

4.

Tribal Block

01 ( Kesla)

5.

No. of Tehsil

07 (Bankhedi, Pipariya, Sohagpur, Babai, Hoshangabad, Itarsi, Seoni Malwa.)

6.

Villages (Tehsil wise)

985 (Bankhedi-127, Pipariya-148, Sohagpur-174 ,  Babai-103, Hoshangabad-96, Itarsi & Kesla -133, Seoni Malwa-201 )

7.

Jan Shiksha Kendra

144

8

Village Panchayat

428

9

Ward Edu. Committee

133

10

PTAs

1641

11

Habitations

1390,  (1250 Rural and 140 Urban)

12

Revenue Sub Division

05

13

Parliament Constituency

01 (Hoshangabad)

14

Legislative Constituency

04 ( Pipariya, Hoshangabad, Itarsi, SeoniMalwa.)

     

 

POPULATION PROFILE

 

1

Population(Cenusus-2001)

10,84,265 - Male-      5,71,774     (52.70%)

                 - Female-   5,12,491     (47.30%)

2

SC Population (2001)

1,70,780      (15.75%)

3

ST Population (2001)

1,64,049       (15.13%)

4

Population Growth Ratio

2.24%

5

Population Density

162

6

Sex Ratio

896

 

Distribution of Population, Sex ratio and Growth Rate:

 

 

 Level

Population 2001

Sex Ratio

Growth rate

Male

Female

Total

1991

2001

1981-91

1991-01

MP

3,14,56873

2,89,28245

60385118

912

920

27.24%

24.34%

 H'BAD

5,71774

5,12491

10,84265

892

896

25.01%

22.40%

                   GENERAL ADMINISTRATION


PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS

Oval: PANCHAYATI RAJ ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 BLOCKWISE JAN SHIKSHA KENDRAS

          The table below shows block-wise number of Jan Shiksha Kendra.

 

S.N.

Name of Block (JPSK)

No. of Cluster (JSK)

Type of Block

1

Babai

18

CD

2

Bankhedi

21

CD

3

Hoshangabad

24

CD

4

Kesla

20

TD

5

Pipariya

20

CD

6

Seoni malwa

23

CD

7

Sohagpur

18

CD

 

Total

144

 

 

EDUCATION PROFILE

 

LITERACY

          Growth in literacy during the last decade can be perused in the table below-

 

                                 Growth in Literacy during the last decade

 

Particulars

Literacy Rate in the Year 1991

Literacy Rate in the Year 2001

Gender Gap in Literacy

Male

67.19%

81.36%

23.34%

Female

39.29%

58.02%

Total

54.11%

70.36%

   Source –  Census 2001

    

Note-Growth in literacy during the last decade can be attributed to 'Saaksharta Mission', ‘Padhna Badhna Andolan’ , ‘Mahila Padhna Badhna Andolan’ & universal reach to primary education through Education Gaurantee Scheme.

 

Rural Literacy    

Ø                  Over all        -        63.33%

Ø                  Male            -        76.19%

Ø                  Female         -        48.91%

Urban Literacy                                                   

Ø                  Over all        -        85.20%

Ø                  Male            -        92.30%

Ø                  Female         -        77.26%

 

Table

Level

1991

2001

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

MP

58.54%

29.35%

44.67%

76.80%

50.28%

64.11%

Hoshangabad

67.19%

39.29%

54.11%

81.36%

58.02%

70.36%

    Source -Census 1991& 2001

 

Total literacy rate of district Hoshangabad is 70.36% according to the census 2001, which is much higher than 1991 literacy rate which was 54.11%. Hence the literacy growth in a decade is 16.25%. As Campared to The State , Distric Literacy rate is higher. 

            The district has also achieved a commendable growth in the literacy level of both male and female population. Male literacy has increased by 14.17% while female literacy has enhanced by 18.73%

EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES

·                    NUMBER OF PS/EGS/MS/ASHRAM SCHOOLS

 

 

S.N.

SCHOOL Level

Govt.Primary Schools including UEGS

Private

Aided

Total

1

Primary Schools

1169

344

14

1527

2

Middle Schools

472

196

11

679

3

ASHRAM SCHOOLS

6

0

0

6

 

NUMBER OF ANGANWADIS AND ECCE CENTRES

         

During the year 2006-07, a total number of 240 ECCEs under NPEGEL & 24 ECCEs under SSA were established. ICDS were running 832 Anganwadis in the district. Block wise information has been consolidated as shown below :

Number of Anganwadis and ECCEs

 

S.N.

Name of Block

No. of Aanganwadis

No. of ECCE

Under SSA

Under NPEGEL

Total

1

Babai

108

0

40

40

2

Bankhedi

79

0

46

46

3

Hoshangabad

102

0

0

0

4

Kesla

174

0

44

44

5

Pipariya

108

19

20

39

6

Seoni malwa

161

0

50

50

7

Sohagpur

100

0

40

40

 

Total

832

19

240

259

 

NUMBER OF OTHER INSTITUTIONS-

          In the table below number of High School, Higher Secondary Schools ITI/Polytechnic and colleges have been given.

 

NUMBER OF INSTITUTIONS ABOVE ELEMENTARY LEVEL

 

S.N.

Name of Block

No. of

High School

Higher Sec. Sch.

ITI/ Profess.

Poly Technic

Grad./PG Colleges

DIET

Edu. Colleges

1

Babai

4

3

 

 

1

 

 

2

Bankhedi

4

2

 

 

0

 

 

3

Hoshangabad

8

9

4

1

4

 

2

4

Kesla

9

9

 

 

0

 

 

5

Pipariya

0

7

1

 

3

1

 

6

Seoni malwa

11

5

1

 

1

 

 

7

Sohagpur

3

4

 

 

1

 

 

 

Total

39

37

6

1

10

1

2

 

 

Availablity of Teachers in Primary School  AND Middle School

         

Availablity of teachers, in PS & MS, is given in table below-

 

Number of Teachers (Sanctioned & Filled up Posts)

 

S.N.

Name of District

Primary Schools including UEGS

Middle Schools

Sanctioned

Filled

Sanctioned

Filled

1

Hoshangabad

3570

3570

1582

1356

 

Number of Teachers (Gender Wise)

 

SN

Name of District

Primary Schools + Uegs

Middle Schools

Male

Female

Male

Female

1

Hoshangabad

2318

1252

802

554

                  

Table on status of teachers available at primary level

sno

Block Name

No of Govt Primary Schools

Enrolment (Govt)

No of Teachers (Total) Govt

Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) Govt

Boys

Girls

Total

Male

Female

Total *

1

Babai

151

7852

7733

15585

365

118

483

32.3

2

Bankhedi

142

9160

9057

18217

275

151

426

42.8

3

Hoshangabad

159

9238

10357

19595

367

215

582

33.7

4

Kesla

176

7550

7504

15054

260

155

415

36.3

5

Pipariya

159

9759

9714

19473

352

194

546

35.7

6

S-Malwa

222

11619

11022

22641

357

266

623

36.3

7

Sohagpur

160

8847

9301

18148

342

153

495

36.7

 

Dist_ Total

1169

64025

64688

128713

2318

1252

3570

36.1

 

Table on status of teachers available at upper primary level

sno

Block Name

No of Govt Middle Schools

Enrolment (Govt)

No of Teachers (Total) Govt

Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) Govt

Boys

Girls

Total

Male

Female

Total *

1

Babai

62

3071

2935

6006

82

50

132

45.5

2

Bankhedi

54

2788

2505

5293

81

58

139

38.1

3

Hoshangabad

80

3313

4684

7997

162

122

284

28.2

4

Kesla

70

3301

2722

6023

161

81

242

24.9

5

Pipariya

57

2959

3059

6018

86

73

159

37.8

6

S-Malwa

76

3964

3760

7724

126

110

236

32.7

7

Sohagpur

73

4033

3115

7148

104

60

164

43.6

 

 Dist_ Total

472

23429

22780

46209

802

554

1356

34.1

 


 

Population, Enrollment & GER at Primary Level

S. No.

Block Name

Population

Enrolment

GER

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

1

Dist_ Total

92840

84077

176917

97061

88683

185744

104.94

105.93

105.41

2

SC Category

24786

21460

46246

18226

16247

34473

73.53

75.71

74.54

3

ST Category

24688

23378

48066

19166

18685

37851

77.63

79.93

78.75

 

S. No.

Block Name

Population

Enrolment

GER

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total

1

Dist_ Total

40929

35301

76230

39320

32901

72221

96.07

93.20

94.64

2

SC Category

7885

6355

14240

7172

5457

12629

90.96

85.87

88.69

3

ST Category

6961

6160

13121

5940

4594

10534

85.33

74.58

80.28

Population, Enrollment & GER at Upper Primary Level

 

Distict Education  indicator

S. No.

Indicator

Primary Level

Upper Primary Level

1

DROP OUT RATE

16.05

10.10

2

RETENTION RATE

83.95

89.90

3

COMPLETION RATE

62.23

64.63

4

TRANSITION RATE

67.19

47.84

                  

 

 

 

 

 

STATUS OF LEARNER's EVALUATION (2005-06)

S. No.

Class

Enrolled

Appeared

GRADE A%

GRADE B%

GRADE C%

GRADE D%

PASS %

1

5th

28828

28731

17.49

30.90

19.81

31.81

68.19

2

8th

22580

22503

14.06

28.45

9.86

47.63

52.37


 

 

 

 

 

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