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Research & Study :

§        Sample studies will be done to understand the problems and issues pertaining to the achievement levels of ST children.

§        Sample study on migratory pattern of tribes for planning on issues related to migrated ST children to urban areas.

§        Study on the needs relating to Multi Lingual/Mother tongue Education.


Education of Children With Special Needs (CWSN)


          SSA ensures that every child with special needs, irrespective of the kind, category and degree of disability, is provided meaningful and quality education. Hence, SSA has adopted a zero rejection policy. This means that no child having special needs should be deprived of the right to education.

          Under Integrated Education for Disabled Children special attention is to be given to education of CWSN with an objective to integrate the handicapped with the general community at all levels as equal partners, to prepare them for normal growth and to enable them to face life with courage and confidence. Integrated Education for the CWSN proposed  to provide educational opportunities for the disabled children in common schools, to facilitate their retention in the school system. The CWSN who are placed in special schools should also be integrated in common schools once they acquire the communication and daily living skills at the functional level 

Identified CWSN







 Enrolled CWSN








Out of school CWSN







From the above .

 it is clear that 271 CWSN are still out of school because of lack of specialist teachers , especially for blind, deaf & dumb and mentally retarded . So there is a need of special school for these children with specialist teacher & hostel facility.




Hostel for CWSN :


In Hoshangabad, there is a 50 seater hostel is successfully running in the year 2006-07. In which 50 physically challaenged children with different disability have been admitted. These children are enjoying all the facilities of boarding school & are enrolled in the school within the campus. Full security has been ensured to these children by appointing caretaker warden etc.


Proposal for 2007-08 - The district will continue the hostel in the year 2007-08.




Home based training

       Home based education to children with severe disabilities who are not able to go to school. Instead of the child going to the school, the school comes to the child. The mobile consultants, resource teachers, lecturers of DIETs (IED) who are trained in special education will work together for severely disabled children.  The services of retired teachers, headmasters and local educated unemployed youth could be used after giving them orientation to special education to meet the special educational needs of those children, who probably require special services the most under SSA. Resource teachers/specially trained teachers for Para resource teachers located in the village as a part of their job, could also visit the homes of children with special needs to impart pre integration training to them or even to the parental council ling severely disabled children as a part of their home based education program, may also require services like physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. The objectives of the home based training are as follows-

·          To train parents in appropriate adoptions for proper positioning and mobility.

·          To train parents on appropriate physiotherapy intervention

·          To enhance communication skills of the child

·          To provide the child with the skill necessary functional academics

·          To emphasize importance play activity

·          To prepare child with disability and developed necessary prerequisite skill for mainstreaming

·          To promote community participation in playing developing and monitoring the program

·          To include all referral services

·          To create awareness to the parents on rights and schemes



·          Survey -The survey of sever disabled children will be done by the resource teachers, mobile consultant and general teachers also.

·          Awareness-After survey the awareness programmer will be taken place through the awareness activity like mela, PTA meeting, Abhiyan and jansampark programme .

·          Identification- The identification of the severely disabled children will be done through camps and  survey  

·          Assessment- This activity will also be the part of identification

·          Training - After above activities the training will be taken place by resource persons at home

·          Mobilizing- This activity will be the part of training

·          Facilitating -The resource persons will be the facilitators for severe disable children at home.





One day induction training

One day training of all teachers on Inclusive Education was integrated with In-Service Training Programme. In this training one day was exclusively on Inclusive Education. There was a module on Inclusive Education for one whole day and by this module these following main areas was covered-

·        Concept of Integrated and Inclusive Education

·        Identification of all disabled children with the check list

·        Educational facilities for CWSN

·        Teaching methodology for CWSN


3 and 5 days training of IEDC functionaries


3 days training of administrators

          This training is being conducted with the support of DIET in the district. 25 administrators in each district, viz., DEO, BEOs, BRCCs, BACs, Jan Shikshaks and Head Masters of Middle Schools are the participants in this training. The budget of IEDC scheme has been utilized for this training. The main theme of this training is to know about the different schemes and SSA provisions for CWSN, Budget available, Budget provisions, etc.


5 days training of teachers

This training is also being conducted at block level in the district. 30 teachers are being trained from each block with the support of DIET. The main objective of this training is to orient them about Inclusive education, Special Education,  salient features of CWSN, identification of CWSN, enrollment of CWSN in general schools, various provisions and 'Acts' on disability etc.


90 days foundation course by MPBOU

Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University (MPBOU), Bhopal has conducted this foundation course through distance mode. 02 DIET lecturers and 40 teachers of elementary schools have completed this course. This course comprises of two contact programmes for 14 and 7 days respectively. Thereafter, written/oral examinations were conducted. The course of this training includes 5 papers on different topics related to education of CWSN. The Trainees also have to practice 20 lesson plans along with experience of community based rehabilitation.


9 Months PGPD course for 2 lecturers of each DIET

The Post Graduate Professional Diploma Course is being conducted by Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University, Bhopal through distance mode. There are two contact programmes of 15 days duration each held at study centers.

After these programmes the written and practice teaching will be conducted in the months of May & June 2007. The main objective of this course will be to prepare the study center at  DIET for 90 day's foundation course. Two lecturers of each DIET will be trained. 02 lecturers have already attended the first contact programme. 


Resource room preparation in each DIET/ZSK

Resource rooms are being setup in DIET wherein different aids and appliances and TLM developed & used by CWSN will be displayed and exhibited. This room will be used as a training resource center during various IED trainings. DIET lecturers have been trained under PGPD course on the use of aids and appliances for CWSN. Some materials of resource room are as follows:


For Visually Impaired children: Braille writer, Braille papers, Talking books and Cassette recorders, Goggles-cum-spectacles, Vision testing charts, long cane folding sticks, counting devices, special lamps etc.

For Hearing Impaired children: Portable audiometer,  portable speech trainer , group hearing aids, loop induction system, individual hearing aids, tape recorder with blank cassettes , ear mould laboratory etc.

For Orthopedic Impaired children: Adjustable furniture, thick pens, wheel chairs, crutches, calipers etc.

For Learning disabled children: Overhead projector, tape recorders, clock (Time perception),worksheets, workbooks, pictures, boards, charts slides, education toys, sand slates, blocks, and models of letters numerals

For Mentally Retarded children- A few test materials like the Raven’s Progressive Matrices, Indian adaptation of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children, Stanford - Binet Test and other Indian tests will be made available at the block level for testing the mental ability of the children. Simple's protective tests should also be available.

Appointment of IED Mobile Resource consultant

The recruitment of IED Mobile Resource Consultant at each block is going on. 06 consultants have been appointed in 07 blocks of the district. These consultants have been entrusted the following tasks:

-         To maintain data on CWSN in the block.

-         To regularly monitor the attendance and retention of CWSN. If a child with a disability drops out, the resource teacher should look into the reasons for the same

-         To assist in conducting formal and functional assessment of CWSN

-         To provide necessary referral services to CWSN as well as the parents with the help of group hearing aids, teaching of total communication and other techniques to children with disabilities on a traveling basis.

-         To give on site academic support to regular class teachers on problems encountered by CWSN in the regular classroom.

-         To suggest necessary curricular modifications of adaptations and classroom strategies to suit the needs of children with varying needs

-         To assist children during and after school hours in such areas which they have not been able to understand in the regular classrooms

-         To undertake parent counseling, community mobilisation and advocacy on behalf of the education of children with special needs.

-         To co-ordinate with regular teachers, BRCCs and Jan Shikshaks on access, retention and teaching learning processes.

-         To orient teachers of schools on management of CWSN in these centers

-         To provide home-based education to CWSN

-         Wherever convergence is established with IEDC programme for resource teachers, it     should be ensured that special teachers under that programme are adequately trained and provided orientation to the SSA programme


Target for 2007-08

·        100% coverage of CWSN

·        Home based Education for severe category  CWSN

·        100% coverage for medical assessment in provision of aids and appliances

·        Special school for deaf & dumb, visually handicapped & mentally retarded children with hostel facility.


Strategy for 2007-08

Activities for out of school CWSN-

·        Proper identification for these children with the support of Mobile consultant 

·        Motivation of parents for severely disabled children

·        2 days training for severely disabled children in each block

·        Home based education with the support of NGOs working in district level

·        Medical assessment and appliances distribution camps on block level

·        TLM preparation for these children

·        Hostel facility for CWSN under convergence activity because such children unable to continue their middle level schooling due to unavailability of UPS.


Activities for enrolled CWSN –

·        Medical assessment and appliances distribution camps organization on block level. This activity will be conducted with the support of ALIMCO, local medical experts, NGOs on block level up to the month of December 2007.

o       Corrective surgery camps will be organised at block level for the corrective surgery of children identified during assessment camps.

·        Teachers training (One day training, 3/5 days training, 90 days foundation course, 9 months PGPD course ) will be held.

·        Targets for 2007-08

-         One day training on Inclusive Education will be given during in-service training

-         3 days training to 25 administrators at the district level (under IEDC)

-         5 days training of 30 teachers at block level (under IEDC)

-         90 days Foundation Course for 40 teachers. 50% candidates selected for this training will be Jan Shikshaks and should have an age less than 52 years.

-         PGPD course for 2 lecturers from each DIET

·        Ramps and handrails with modified toilet construction in school building 312 ramps and 312 handrails are constructed in 312 school buildings.

·        Proposal for 2007-08 - 508 ramps & 508 handrails will be constructed in 508 school buildings.

·        TLM development workshops for CWSN with the support of NGOs. Following materials would be developed therein:

-         Supplementary material for VH

-         Supplementary material for HH

-         Supplementary material for MR

-         Audio cassette development

-         Disabled friendly textbooks development

·        Resource room development in each DIET/ZSK

-         Resource Rooms will be set up in DIET after the procurement of relevant materials. In districts without DIET the Resource Room shall be set up in Zila Shiksha Kendra.


Minorities Children : Modernisation of Madarsas and Sanskrit Schools


          29 Madarsas are functional in the district which are registered with M.P. Madarsa Board & 3 Govt. Sanskrit Schools are running in the district under M.P. Sanskrit Board. Those Madarsas and Sanskrit Schools which are willing to introduce formal curriculum to their children have been supported under SSA during 2007-08 by providing:

·        20 days training to the Madarsa and Sanskrit School teachers,

·        Free text books to the children enrolled in Madarsas (and not going to school) and Sanskrit Schools,

·        School Grant to each Madarsa and Sanskrit School and

·        Teacher Grant to two teachers per Madarsa and Sanskrit School.


Achievement in the year 2006-07 :


·        29 Madarsas under "Modernisation of Madarsas/Sanskrit Schools" scheme of SSA were supported by providing 20 days training to 46 teachers of Madarsas.

·        2027 children of Madarsas were provided free textbooks. These are the children who were not enrolled in government schools.

·        In addition, school grant of Rs 2000/- was distributed to each 20 Madarsas .

·        Teacher grant of Rs 500/- was provided to each 46 Madarsa teachers (i.e. maximum 2 teachers per Madarsa School).


 Proposals for the year 2007-08 :

·        In the year 2007-08, 29 Madarsas & 7 Sanskrit School recognised by  MP Sanskrit Board, of the district will be given support under the "Modernisation of Madarsa/Sanskrit Schools" scheme.

·        2362 children studying in Madarsas & 144 children enrolled in Government Sanskrit Schools will be provided free textbooks.

·        Two teachers from each of these registered Madarsas and Govt. Sanskrit Schools will be given 20 days training. In all 29 Madarsas, 58 Madarsa teachers and in 7 Sanskrit School14 Sanskrit School teachers will be trained. 

·        School grant of Rs 2000/- will be given to 29 Madarsas and 7 Sanskrit Schools.

·        Teacher grant of Rs 500/- will be given to 58 Madarsa teachers and 14 Sanskrit School teachers (i.e. maximum 2 teachers per Madarsa/Sanskrit School).

·        Impact assessment study of this scheme will be taken up during 2007-08.


Urban Deprived Children


In Hoshangabad the main concentration of urban deprived children is more in the 3 Blocks – Hoshangabad, Pipariya & Seonimalwa. The urban deprived children are generally found in slum pockets and unauthorized areas. Capturing the out of school children is also a major problem as the habitation pattern undergoes changes & mere survey cannot capture the real reasons for the children being out of school. Thus the survey has been accompanied by an in-depth study to identify the urban deprived children & the hurdles that come in the way of education of such children. The problems identified in the urban areas are as follows:

·        Access is a problem for slum areas and unauthorized areas that keep mushrooming.

·        Survey of slum pockets & unauthorized area is difficult and this hampers identification of out of school children.

·        The children working as child labourers are not able to attend the regular schools.


Area-based approach has been adopted to address the problems of urban deprived children. Wards have been identified which do not have a government school facility. Rationalisation of schools & teachers is also being attempted to provide access to children of accessless wards and slum areas. Mobilisation activities will be conducted in the areas where concentration of urban deprived children is more.


Detailed survey and study of the areas having slum concentration has been conducted to assess the problem of educating the urban deprived children. A detailed survey plan was drawn up for urban areas. The outcome of the survey has further helped in planning area specific interventions for such children.


The concept of Human Development Center involves providing a place for such children where the educational and health related needs of the children are given due attention. The Human Development Center also provides guidance & counseling for the children, as most of these children do not have a conducive atmosphere in their home, where they can talk about their hopes, aspirations & their future. The centre also provides a platform for interaction between the children, their parents/guardian, counselors, community so that issues concerning these children can be discussed & addressed to.

Life Skill Education, Work Education along with Health and Hygiene has also been made an important part of the curriculum of Human Development Centers.


Achievement in the year 2006-07 :


·        10 HDC have been started in 2006-07 in which 249 children have been enrolled and have been provided with Bridge Course TLM. 10 Education Volunteers (EVs) have been appointed in these HDCs.

·        All the EVs have imparted 20 days rigorous training through expert trainers of DIET (with the inclusion of video lessons) on specially designed training module prepared by the faculties of Rajya Shiksha Kendra with the participation of DIET functionaries and teachers.

·        School grant of Rs 2000/- has been given to all the HDCs in the account of PTA to procure basic facilities to run the HDC.

·        Teacher grant of Rs 1000/- has been disbursed to all the HDCs in the account of PTA to prepare teaching aids to make the lessons attractive.

·        Children were taken to the excursion/visits to the famous and historical spots of the districts like  Pachmari, Adanghad, Tawa Dam, Narmda River ,Madai , Tilaksadoor , Fort of Hoshangshah so that they may also know about their surroundings, environment and district.

·        For 10+ to 14 years of HDC children, vocational training for 30 days is proposed in March-April 2007 in various  trades having future aspects in the district. These trades are decided by the PTA in their monthly meeting.

·        In order to develop good habits and to make them aware about the value of hygiene, the children of HDCs were provided a personal hygiene kit containing a small box with mirror, comb , nail cutter, thread, needles, buttons, tooth paste and tooth brush etc.

·        All the HDCs were also provided large sized mirror (8 x 6), nail cutter, antiseptic lotion/cream and first aid box for the emergency having necessary items like cotton, bandage, antiseptic cream/lotion, nail cutter, small scissors, comb, soap, towel and tin or wooden box.


All the children enrolled in HDCs will be mainstreamed in the nearby formal school called 'Lead School' where they can start their education like other children.


Proposals for the year 2007-08 : 12 HDCs will be opened in the year 2007-08 for the enrolment of 634 children. All the facilities like training, school grant, teacher grant, vocational training, excursions/visits, training on health and hygiene will be provided to the HDCs so that the children who will be enrolled in these HDCs may have all the facilities of school, concentrate on their studies and  mainstreamed in nearby Lead School.



·        PTA elections held in October 2006.

·        A follow up orientation in December 2006 with the help of film, audio/visual & printed material.

·        Exposure visit of PTA members to best performing schools/PTAs.

·        Mailing of small booklets to PTA giving details of role, rights and responsibilities of PTA in functioning of school

·        Award to best performing PTAs at the block level

-         Selection of the best performing PTA for award by a committee at block level

-         Award giving ceremony on 15th August 2006 at block level to acknowledge work of PTA

-         Award in the form of building, head start center, activity center 


Strategies for PTA Training in 2007-08


·        Training of PTA members will be held in August 2007 through State Resource Centre Bhopal to ensure better school management and effective monitoring.

·        A follow up orientation in December 2007 through State Resource Centre Bhopal. It helps the member to chalk out the plans for next year.

·        Exposure visit of PTA members to best performing schools/PTAs.

·        Mailing of small booklets to PTA giving details of role, rights and responsibilities of PTA in functioning of school


Strategies for VEC Training in 2007-08


·        A 4days training of 6 VEC members and Gram panchayats is proposed to be held in Sptember 2007 to ensure better school management, enrollment, retention of students and effective monitoring.


Community Mobilisation :


·        Motivation of parents of Out of School children.

·        Motivation of SC & ST families and also parents of girls to send all children to school.

·        Informing parents regarding the various incentives given to children who are enrolled, for example:

-         Mid Day Meals

-         Scholarships

-         Free Text Books

-         Free of cost school uniforms to girls

·        Bal Melas on PTA meeting days in August and September 2007 for recapturing dropout children

·        Maa Beti Melas in August and September 2007 for ensuring girls enrolment.

·        Mobilisation activities in Haat Bazar

·        Tadwi Sammelans

·        Motivation cultural programmes by Kala Pathak dals and Kala Mandalis.




·        For monitoring and strategising, children will be categorized as following:

-         5-14 years age group children belonging to access less habitation.

-         5-8 years age group Never Enrolled Children

-         8-14 years age group Never Enrolled Children

-         5-8 years age group Drop Out Children

-         8-14 years age group Drop Out Children

-         Class 5 pass children

-         Children with special needs.

·        Fortnightly meeting of PTA will be held for monitoring childwise enrolment status of Out of School Children.

·        Adhyakshas, Upadhyaksha and Executive Committee members To the PTA will be assigned responsibility of name wise Out of School Children for their enrolment.

·        Field based and data based monitoring by Jan Shikshaks, on weekly basis. Childwise tracking to be done.

·        Weak areas will be divided between BRCC, BGC and BAC. Weekly field based and data based monitoring will be done by BRCC and BAC. Childwise tracking to be done.

·        Regular field based and data based monitoring by ZSK.

·        Childwise tracking to be done.

·        Regular meeting and sharing of data and problems with SC & ST department.





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